People with autism have challenges in the areas of social communication and interaction. A few examples include:
Social Communication/ Interaction
- Difficulty establishing or maintaining back-and-forth conversations and interactions
- Inability to initiate an interaction
- Problems with shared attention or sharing of emotions and interests with others
- Abnormal eye contact, posture, facial expressions, tone of voice and gestures, as well as an inability to understand these
- Lack of interest in other people
- Difficulties in pretend play
- Engaging in age-appropriate social activities
- Problems adjusting to different social expectations
- Repetitive speech, motor movements or use of objects
- Excessive adherence to routines
- Ritualized patterns of verbal or nonverbal behavior
- Excessive resistance to change
- Highly restricted interests that are notable in intensity or focus
- Hyper or hypo reactivity to sensory input or unusual interest in sensory aspects of the environment
No two people with autism are the same. There is no single behavior that is always present in every individual with autism.
Treatment and Progress
Experts agree that early diagnosis and intervention are critical and can lead to positive outcomes.
Resources and Data on Autism Today
View our Autism State Profiles for a state-of-the-state report of autism services in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
For more information about Easterseals Bay Area's Behavioral Health services, contact us.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have additional information about autism.